4 edition of Tributyltin found in the catalog.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
|Statement||edited by Stephen J. De Mora.|
|Series||Cambridge environmental chemistry series ;, 8|
|Contributions||De Mora, S. J.|
|LC Classifications||TD427.T73 T75 1996|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xvi, 301 p. :|
|Number of Pages||301|
|LC Control Number||96001585|
7. ANALYTICAL METHODS The purpose of this chapter is to describe the analytical methods that are available for detecting, measuring, and/or monitoring tin and tin compounds, their metabolites, and other biomarkers of exposure and effect to tin and tin compounds. The intent is not to provide an exhaustive list of analytical Size: 1MB. tributyltin: A toxic triorganotin which has been used as an industrial biocide—e.g., as antifungal in textile and paper production, breweries, industrial cooling systems and agriculture. While it was widely used in marine anti-fouling paint, its toxicity to molluscs led to its ban by the International Maritime Organization.
Tributyltin Antifoulant Paint Registrations As earlier indicated, nine tributyltin compounds are registered for use in antifouling paints. The TBT antifoulant paints are formulated as single active ingredient formulations, as multiple TBT formulations, as any one of the TBT's in combi- nation with copper-based compounds (usually cuprous oxide. Tributyltin compounds (TBT). Evaluation of health hazards and proposal of health based quality criteria for soil and drinking water Author: Anne Kirstine Müller Elsa Nielsen Ole Ladefoged Division of Toxicology and Risk Assessment National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark Published by: The Danish Environmental Protection AgencyFile Size: KB.
Tributyltin (TBT) chloride is an extremely toxic substance (12, 13). Pure standard material (liquid) and stock standard solutions of this compound should be handled with suitable protection to skin, eyes, etc. In the event of eye exposure - flush with copious amounts of water. TBT Analysis. Tributyltin Oxide (TBT) has been used as an anti-fouling paint on commercial ships for decades, inhibiting mollusks or barnacles from attaching themselves to ships. However, it has also been recognized as a toxic chemical that causes reproductive defects in .
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Biodegradation of tributyltin differs in various organs. The calculated half-life for elimination of injected tributyltin is a few days in mice, with initial rapid elimination being followed by slow elimination in the feces for up to 29 days (Brown et al., ).
A half-life of days was estimated Tributyltin book dioctyltin (Penninks et al., Webster's bibliographic and event-based timelines are comprehensive in scope, covering virtually all topics, geographic locations and people.
They do so from a linguistic point of view, and in the case of this book, the focus is on "Tributyltin," including when used in literature (e.g.
all authors that might have Tributyltin in their name).Author: Icon Group International. Tributyltin book | C24H54Sn2 | CID - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities. TBT is commonly introduced into coatings as tributyltin oxide, tributyltin fluoride, or as a part of an acrylic copolymer that has hydrolyzable tributyltin side chains.
All three mechanisms are used to make effective antifouling coatings. Many other organotins (triphenyltin, tributyltin acetate, tributyltin fluoride, and others) have also been. Vinyl tributyltin is an organotin compound with the formula Bu 3 SnCH=CH 2 (Bu = butyl).
It is a white, air-stable solid. It is used as a source of vinyl anion equivalent in Stille coupling reactions. As a source of vinyltin reagents, early work used vinyl trimethyltin, but trimethyltin compounds are avoided nowadays owing to their ance: white solid. This is a book that should be in every academic library and on the bookshelves of those working in the TBT field.
Finally, this book will serve as the basis for many interesting courses and seminars in environmental science, policy and law.’ Source: David S.
Page Elsevier. What are the final tributyltin (TBT) criteria concentrations. Freshwater Aquatic Life: Except possibly where a locally important species is very sensitive, freshwater aquatic life and their uses should not be affected unacceptably if the one-hour average concentration of TBT does not exceed µg/L more than once every three years on the average (acute criterion) and if the.
Aquatic Life Criteria - Tributyltin (TBT) EPA has released a final ambient water quality criteria document for tributyltin (TBT). We developed acute and chronic criteria recommendations for TBT designed to protect aquatic life in both fresh and saltwater.
These criteria can form the basis for state and tribal water quality standards. Additional Physical Format: Tributyltin compounds, 7 December Ottawa, Ontario: Pest Management Regulatory Agency, © (CaOONL) Print book: Government publication: EnglishView all editions and formats: Rating: (not yet rated) 0 with reviews - Be the first.
Subjects: Tributyltin. Tributyltin -- Toxicology. Tributylétain -- Toxicologie. View all subjects; More like this: Similar Items. Search results for tributyltin at Sigma-Aldrich. Compare Products: Select up to 4 products.
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Tributyltin (TBT) is the active ingredient of many products that act as biocides against a broad range of organisms. It is primarily used as an antifoulant paint additive on ship and boat hulls, docks, fishnets, and buoys to discourage the growth of marine organisms such as barnacles, bacteria, tubeworms, mussels and algae.
Tributyltin -- Environmental aspects, Tributyltin -- Toxicology, Water -- Pollution -- Law and legislation Publisher Borrow this book to access EPUB and PDF files. IN COLLECTIONS. Books to Borrow. Books for People with Print Disabilities. Trent University Library : The culprit turned out to be tributyltin or TBT – a group of compounds that consist of between one and four organic components attached to a tin atom via carbon–tin covalent bonds.
On its own, TBT is unstable and is usually combined with another element such as oxygen to form tributyltin is also tributyltin benzoate, chloride, methacrylate, and plenty more. Tributyltin is used in most of the world's marine paints to keep barnacles, seaweed, and other organisms from clinging to ships (McGinn, ).
It is also used in wood treatment and preservation, antifungal action in textiles and industrial water systems, such as cooling tower and refrigeration water systems, wood pulp and paper mill systems. determination of monobutyl- dibutyl- and tributyltin in environmental samples (waters, sediments, and biota).
The method is based on the use of a mixed spike contain-ing Sn-enriched monobutyltin (MBT), dibutyltin (DBT), and tributyltin (TBT) for isotope dilution analysis. The mixed Sn-enriched spike was applied to the simultane.
Tributyltin compounds are moderately toxic via both ingestion and dermal absorption. Reported oral LD50 values for tributyltin oxide (TBTO) range from 55 to 87 mg/kg in mice and rats [,]. Dermal LD50 values are mg/kg in rats and mice, [,] and mg/kg in rabbits [31,]. Tributyltin chloride (Bu 3 SnCl or tri-n-butylstannane) is an organotin compound that can be used as a reagent for: • The synthesis of fluorinated stannanes by reacting with fluorinated alkyl, aryl or vinyl halides using Zn or Cd catalyst via Barbier-type reaction.
• The preparation of γ-hydroxyvinylstannanes, and indolyltributylstannan e. Tributyltin Overview Tributyltin (TBT) is a highly toxic biocide that has been used extensively to prevent the growth of marine organisms on the hulls of large ships.
It is a problem in the aquatic environment because it is extremely toxic to non-target. tributyltin (tbt) is an active ingredient in certain antifouling paints used on ships and is one of the most dangerous substances ever deliberately introduced into the marine environment.
an eu ban on the presence of tbt-based antifoulings on ships hulls in eu ports came into effect on 1st january GC/MS for the Analysis of Tributyltin Oxide Number 57 J. K. Brandau Newport News Shipbuilding, Newport News, Virginia Key Words: TBTO, CI, Environmental, Saturn Introduction Tributyltin Oxide (TBTO) is the active agent in a class of antifoulant marine coatings used on commercial and military ocean vessels.
The.Tributyltin (TBT) is a chemical with a variety of biocidal applications, including use as an antifouling agent in boat paints (Blunden and Chapman, ). Biological effects of TBT on marine and estuarine organisms and the concentrations of TBT that induce them vary widely among species (Huggett et.